Thursday, February 4th marks the American observance of Rosa Louise McCauley Parks. On December 5th, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat in Montgomery, Alabama to a white man. In this moment she became an iconic symbol in the Civil Rights Movement. Below are five interesting facts you should know about “the mother of the freedom movement.”
- Rosa Parks worked several jobs as housekeeper, seamstress, secretary, and life insurance agent.
- After the U.S. Supreme Court declares Montgomery bus segregation laws unconstitutional and illegal, the boycott ends and buses are integrated on December 20, 1956.
- In the Smithsonian Institute, there is a bronze bust of Parks in the National Portrait Gallery.
- Rosa was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal as well as the Presidential Medal of Freedom, presented by President Bill Clinton in 1999.
- In 2004, Rosa Parks filed a lawsuit against the music group OutKast over their song “Rosa Parks,” seeking $5 billion from record and distribution companies and stores that sang the song — stating the song violated her publicity and trademark rights.